Dr. Robert Holbrook Smith, commonly known as Dr. Bob, was one of the co-founders of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). Alongside Bill W., he played a significant role in the formation and early development of the AA program.
Dr. Bob was born on August 8, 1879, in St. Johnsbury, Vermont. Brief outline of his early life, educational background, and initial struggles with alcoholism.
Founding of Alcoholics Anonymous
Meeting Bill W.
Detail the pivotal meeting between Dr. Bob and Bill W., which led to the formation of AA.
Development of AA in Akron
Discuss how Dr. Bob helped establish the first AA group in Akron, Ohio, and how it served as a prototype for the AA program.
Role in the Twelve Steps
While Bill W. is often credited with writing the Twelve Steps, Dr. Bob played an integral role in their development and in establishing them as the guiding principles of AA.
As a physician, Dr. Bob also contributed a medical perspective to the understanding of alcoholism and its treatment.
Discuss the long-term impact of Dr. Bob on AA and the recovery movement, including his role in the creation of foundational texts like the Big Book.
Controversies and Criticisms
Outline of any controversies and criticisms directed towards Dr. Bob, including debates over the spiritual aspects of AA or the effectiveness of the program.
- Dr. Bob and the Good Oldtimers - a biography detailing the life and contributions of Dr. Bob.
- Alcoholics Anonymous: The Story of How Many Thousands of Men and Women Have Recovered from Alcoholism - the foundational text of AA.
- [Biography of Dr. Bob on the Official AA website](https://www.aa.org/pages/en_US/dr-bob)