Dr. Bob

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Dr. Bob

File:Dr Bob Portrait.jpg
Portrait of Dr. Bob, co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous


Dr. Robert Holbrook Smith, commonly known as Dr. Bob, was one of the co-founders of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). Alongside Bill W., he played a significant role in the formation and early development of the AA program.

Early Life

Dr. Bob was born on August 8, 1879, in St. Johnsbury, Vermont. Brief outline of his early life, educational background, and initial struggles with alcoholism.

Founding of Alcoholics Anonymous

Meeting Bill W.

Detail the pivotal meeting between Dr. Bob and Bill W., which led to the formation of AA.

Development of AA in Akron

Discuss how Dr. Bob helped establish the first AA group in Akron, Ohio, and how it served as a prototype for the AA program.


Role in the Twelve Steps

While Bill W. is often credited with writing the Twelve Steps, Dr. Bob played an integral role in their development and in establishing them as the guiding principles of AA.

Medical Perspective

As a physician, Dr. Bob also contributed a medical perspective to the understanding of alcoholism and its treatment.


Discuss the long-term impact of Dr. Bob on AA and the recovery movement, including his role in the creation of foundational texts like the Big Book.

Controversies and Criticisms

Outline of any controversies and criticisms directed towards Dr. Bob, including debates over the spiritual aspects of AA or the effectiveness of the program.

Further Reading

See Also

External Links